What are the security testing tools and techniques?

Security testing tools and techniques are useful to protecting application and IT assets from different type’s cyber-attacks and vulnerabilities. The tools used to test security of the system by trying to hacking it or by unauthorized access.

What is security testing ?

Security testing is a type of Software testing technique which ensures the software or applications are free from vulnerabilities, threats and risks. It determines the data and resources are protected from unauthorized user’s access.

It protects the applications against serious malware and other cyber threats that may damage or destroy your important data.

The main purpose of security measure is to identify the possible cyber threats and security weakness in the computer system and measure its potential vulnerabilities. Security testing mainly covers the below critical areas:

  • Authentication
  • Authorization
  • Availability
  • Confidentiality
  • Integrity
  • Non-repudiation

Authentication is a process that ensures and confirms a user’s identity. It provides access control for a system by verifying to see if a user’s credentials match the credentials in a database authentication server. A common example is entering a username and password when you log in to a Facebook.


Authorization is a security mechanism which used to determine user privileges or access levels of system resources such as computer programs, files, services, data and application features.


Availability ensures that information and resources are accessible for authorized users. It is implemented using methods such as hardware maintenance, software patching and network optimization.


Confidentiality is the protection of personal information which allows authorized users to access sensitive and protected data. It involves any information that is sensitive and should only be shared with a limited number of people.


Integrity means maintaining the consistency, accuracy, and completeness of data over its entire life cycle. It involves keeping the information from being altered or changed and ensures that data cannot be altered by unauthorized people.


Non-repudiation is the assurance that someone cannot deny the validity of something. It is a legal concept that is widely used in information security and refers to a service.

Non-repudiation is a method of guaranteeing message transmission between sender and receiver via digital signature or encryption technology.

Types of Testing

There are different types of protection testing as per Security Testing methodology which are as follows:

  • Vulnerability Scanning
  • Security Scanning
  • Penetration testing
  • Risk Assessment
  • Security Auditing
  • Ethical hacking
  • Load testing
  • Static code analysis
  • Compliance testing

Security Testing Tools and Techniques

Security testing tools are useful in proactively detecting application or software vulnerabilities and protecting application from different type’s cyber-attacks. There are many security tools used for application security which are as follows:

  • Zed Attack Proxy
  • Vega
  • Nikto
  • Metasploit
  • Social Engineer Toolkit
  • Nmap
  • SQLmap
  • Websecurify
  • Wapiti
  • W3af
  • Acunetix 
  • Netsparker
  • PureVPN
  • Owasp
  • Metaspoilt
  • Kali
  • Sqlninja
  • OpenSSL
  • Hydra

To prevent from cyber security threats or attacks and perform security testing of a web application or software, it is required to have good knowledge about HTTP protocol, SQL injection, Hacking, Auditing etc. The following techniques is used to performing quality of security :

  • Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
  • Ethical Hacking
  • Password Cracking
  • Penetration Testing
  • Risk Assessment
  • Security Auditing
  • Security Scanning
  • SQL Injection
  • Denial of Service attack
  • Vulnerability Scanning
  • Posture Assessment
  • Buffer Overflow Testing
  • Encryption
  • Digital Signature
  • Web application Firewall

Features of Security testing

Some important features or characteristics of above tools are as follows:

  • To identify the different types viruses and malware
  • To identify the weaknesses in login credential
  • To detect different types of cyber-attack such as SQL injection, denial of service attacks
  • To identity the vulnerabilities and weakness of the software and application
  • To check and ensure the data authentication, integrity and availability
  • To detect the intrusion and checking results of attacks

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