What are the different types of cybercrime?

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Cybercrime is a crime which involves a computer or a mobile phone and a network system of an organization. Cybercriminals uses different types of cybercrime technique such as hacking, phishing, viruses, spyware, malware, ransom ware, and social engineering attack.

The main aim of cybercrime is to steal information, damage data, spread malware, committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and generate profit for cybercriminals.

Cybercrime is one of the most profitable ways to make money in the criminal world and who perform these illegal activities is called hackers.

Different types of Cybercrime

Nowadays, all digital devices such as computers, notebook, and smartphones are connected to the internet. So, there has a chance to attack by cybercriminals. There are different types of cybercrime and here we have discussed some common forms of cybercrime which are as follows:

1. Hacking

A Hacker is a person who alters the system or security features, finds weakness and exploits the vulnerability in computer systems or network to gain access and accomplish a goal.

Hacking is a process that identifying the weakness in computer systems or networks and control over computer security system in order to gain profit or unauthorized access for illegal purpose.

Learn more about Hacking

Hacking is different types of cybercrime

2. Fraud

Fraud is an intentionally action that intends to deceive a person in order to monetary or personal gain.

Fraud always includes a false statement, misrepresentation or deceitful conduct and its main purpose is to gain something of value, usually money.

For Example: A person pays for something with a check and he knows that there is not enough money in the account to cover the cost.

Common Types of Fraud

There are different types of fraud and one of the most common types of fraud is check fraud. Others types of fraud are as follows:

  • Check Fraud
  • Internet sales
  • Website misdirection
  • Charities fraud
  • Mail Fraud
  • Identity theft
  • Credit card fraud
  • Insurance fraud

3. Phishing

Phishing is another types of cybercrime which attempt to gain sensitive and confidential information such as usernames, passwords, credit card information, network credentials, and so more.

In a phishing attack, an attacker sends phishing emails to victims in order to steal of login credentials and account information.

phishing is a types of cybercrime

Learn more about Types of Phishing attack

Learn more about How to Prevent Phishing?

4. Malware

Malware is a malicious program and another different types of cybercrime which is designed to extensive damage to data and systems or to gain unauthorized access to a computer system.

It is delivered in the form of a link or over email and it requires the user to click on the link or open the file to execute the malware.

Learn more about Malware

5. Denial-of-Service Attacks

A Denial-of-Service or DoS attack is a type of cybercrime which shut down a system or network and making it inaccessible to the intended users.

In this attack, an attacker attempt to prevent legitimate users from accessing specific computer systems, devices or other resources.

In addition, DoS attack typically flooding a targeted system with requests until normal traffic is unable to be processed, resulting in denial-of-service to users.

6. Zero-day-attack

Zero day attack is the application based computer security threats which is unknown security vulnerability or security hole in a software or application.

It is happen when the security patch has not been released or the application developers were unaware of or did not have sufficient time to fix the vulnerability.

However, if the vulnerability is not solved by the developer then it can effect on computer programs, data, or a network.

7. SQL Injection

SQL injection is one of the most common types of cybercrime that allows attacker to control an application’s database. In many cases, an attacker can modify or delete this data including the malicious code in SQL statements, via web page input.

These types of attack occur when an application fails to properly sanitize the SQL statements then attacker can include their own malicious SQL commands to access the database.

SQL injection is one of the most common types of cybercrime

8. Cross Site Scripting (XSS)

Cross-site Scripting (XSS) is a web security vulnerability and client-side code injection attack, in which execute malicious scripts in a web browser of the victim by including malicious code in a legitimate web page or web application.

It occurs when a victim visits that type of web page or web application that executes the malicious code inside the victim’s browser then the attacker can fully compromise their interaction with the application.

9. Spoofing

Spoofing is a type of threat where an attacker attempts to gain unauthorized access to a user’s system or information by pretending to be the user.

In general, spoofing is a fraudulent attempt in which communication is sent from an unknown source and disguised as a known source to the receiver.

Its main purpose is to spread malware, stealing user’s sensitive information such as bank account details, personal information, login credentials, credit card details etc.

Types of Spoofing

The most common forms of spoofing are IP Spoofing, email spoofing, and DNS spoofing and email spoofing is one of the best known spoofing.

10. Social Engineering

Social engineering is a type of cyber-attack in which cyber criminals make a direct contact with victim through phone calls, emails or victim clicking a deceptive link or visiting a malicious website.

It is a popular tactic of cyber-attack because it is often easier to exploit user’s weaknesses and vulnerabilities such as their emotions, easy mindless than it is to find a network or software vulnerability.

Types of social engineering attacks

The most popular types of social engineering attacks are phishing, spear phishing, bating etc.

11. Ransomware

Ransomware is a type of malicious software or program that blocks to access computer system and demands for bitcoin in order to access the system.

The most dangerous ransomware attacks are  WannaCry, Petya, Cerber, Locky and CryptoLocker etc.

Above all types of attack typically installed in a computer system through the following ways:

  • When download and open a malicious email attachment
  • Install an infected software or apps
  • User visit a malicious website or link
  • Click on untrusted web link or images

12. Cybersquatting

Cybersquatting is a criminal offense related to website domains which registering, selling or using a domain name with bad-faith intent to profit. It is also known as domain squatting.

Identification victim of cybersquatting

When you want to register a domain name, you should first check out the domain name is available or not. If the address is of a website that looks to be functional and related to the subject of the domain name then the domain is not for sell.

And if the address is inaccessible or states the following message then you are victim of cybersquatting.

  • The website is “under construction”
  • Browser displays “cannot find server” error
  • Information about how to buy this domain
  • The website has no relation to the domain name

13. Cyberstalking

Cyberstalking is technological harassment in which the attacker harasses a victim using electronic communication, such as e-mail  or messages posted to a Web site or a discussion forum, Social media, blog.

Finally, we have discussed different types of cybercrime but cyberstalking is a serious crime, and no one wants to become a victim of that crime.

S0, the best way of protect yourself is to keep your personal information private on the internet.

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