In digital world, it is very important for us to know how to prevent cyber crime. Cyber crime is any criminal activity which involves a computer and network in order to generate profit and it is one of the most profitable ways to make money in the criminal world.
14 ways: how to prevent cyber crime
We all have to take responsibility and keep awareness for our own security and safety to avoid becoming a victim of cyber crime. There are some practical things you can do to help protect against and prevent cyber crime, such as:
1. Use strong passwords
It is very common case, that we are using very easy password for remember like as date of birth, mobile no, employee id etc. which is one of the reason for cyber-attack. So, make the passwords more complicated by combining letters, numbers, special characters (minimum 10 characters in total) and change them on a regular basis.
2. Use different passwords for different accounts
Cyber security experts generally recommend that you use strong and unique passwords for each account. If you re-use a password on multiple accounts, even if your password is long and complicated, and if an attacker gets access to your password then all other accounts will be vulnerable like your bank, tax, or online health care accounts.
If you want to keep your personal information safe, then it’s important to have a separate password for each online account to prevent from cyber-attack.
3. Keep your browser up to Date
Keeping your web browser up to date is very important for both security and ensuring that web pages load properly. Out of date web browsers can have serious security problems such as phishing, viruses, trojans, spyware, adware, and other sorts of malware.
However, Security patches are released for popular browsers all the time. Its required couple of minute an update is available, just download and install it.
4. Up to Date operating system and security patch
The operating system and security patch of your computer has important security functions that can help protect you from phishing attempts. Keeping your operating system and security patch up-to-date then it will ensure the strongest security.
How to computer up to date?
- Open Windows Update by clicking the Start button –> control panel –> system and security –> clicking Windows Update.
- In the left pane, click Check for updates, and wait while Windows looks for the latest updates.
- If any updates are found, click Install updates.
5. Use Antivirus software
Antivirus software is a program that helps protect your computer against viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and other unwanted threat from your computer. It scans every file which comes through the Internet to your computer and helps to prevent damage to your system.
You should use Anti-spyware and firewall to prevent phishing attacks and should update the programs regularly.
6. Use firewall on your network
A firewall is network security tools which is designed to monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic and permits or blocks data packets based on security rules. Its main purpose is to create an obstacle between trusted internal network and untrusted external network in order to block malicious.
This tool is very important for a network which blocks the harmful traffic of your network and ensure to prevent cyber crime.
In addition, firewalls can be implemented as hardware and software based, or a combination of both. When you used together, they reduce the phishing attack to your computer or your network.
7. Delete suspicious email and do not click
If you want to avoid phishing email, just delete any email that raises confusion. If you think your incoming email is suspicious then you can direct phone call to sender to confirm as he sends the mail.
In addition to simply deleting the email, you can also mark it as spam, or as suspicious and it is better do not click on that type of email.
8. Enter personal information only on secure website
If you’re going to enter your sensitive or financial information in a site, first you have to make sure that the site is secure by SSL (Secure Socket Layer) certificate. In URL, it will starts with https:// such as: https://www.google.com.
- Click on the lock and inspect the website’s SSL certificate. If the certificate and the URL don’t match, or if the certificate is expired, your information may be compromised.
- If you visit a site and you know the site is legitimate and notice the site is not secure, then your information may be also compromised
So, by ensuring site security then you can enter your information.
9. Ensure Security of Personal Information
It is very important for individual to secure personal information from phishing scam. When you enter your username and password or other sensitive information in a site, that information can be phishing attack. You can secure your data by following these tips:
10. Prepare security policy and deployment
The security policy will ensure the security, consistent and reliability of an organization. If an organization don’t have the security policy then it is urgent to prepare and deploy the policy. The security policy may include the following topics:
So, I hope that the policy will try to ensure your security and the internet user of that organization will be aware about phishing attack.
11. Secure your wireless network
Wi-Fi (wireless) networks at home are vulnerable to intrusion if they are not properly secured. Here are some simple but important tips to improve the security of your network.
- Change the Default Admin Login
- Hide your network name
- Provide a separate network for guests
- Use stronger encryption
- Use a secure WPA password
- Change the password frequently
- Enable the Router Firewall
- Keep the Router Firmware Updated
- Use a Virtual Private Network (VPN)
12. Use Web Application Firewall
A web application firewall or WAF is an application based security tools. WAF is designed to protect applications, APIs, and mobile apps by filtering and monitoring HTTP harmful traffic between a web application and the internet.
If you use WAF, then it will protect your websites, apps, and the data. It will allow legitimate traffic (e.g. customers) access while blocking malicious traffic (e.g. Phishing attack).
Learn more about Web Application Firewall
13. Use Data Encryption
Encryption is a security method in which information is encoded in such a way that only authorized user can access it. It will protect private information from being stolen or compromised that means phishing.
Learn more about Data Encryption
14. Secure your social-media account
Make sure that your social media profiles such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube, Google+ are secure. Here are some ways to secure your social media accounts and protect both your privacy and security.
- Create strong passwords and don’t re-use
- Change Your Social Media Account Password Regularly
- Secure email accounts
- Do Not Click Suspicious URLs
- Log Out of Social Media Accounts
- Accept Friend Requests Selectively
- Do Not Use Auto Login Feature
- Close Old Social Media Accounts
- Check Your Emails for Suspicious Logins
- Lock your Mobile phone
- Enable two-factor authentication on your accounts
- Use a separate email address for social activities
- Add your phone number as a recovery option