Website security refers to the protection of any website from cyber attacks. Website security protects your website from different types of cyber threats such as malware, DDoS attack and SQL injection. In this article, we will focus the best tips on how to secure any website and application.
If your website is not secured then a hacker or cyber criminal may hack your website and you will lose your traffic, which will impact on your business.
So, it is very important to secure your website or application.
It is also known as cyber security.
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How to Secure Any Website?
The websites which are vulnerable can be attack anytime and anywhere. So, website security is important to protect your sensitive information and reputation of your business.
There are different ways that a website can be secured. Here, we have discussed some essential techniques on how to secure any website or application.
Use Strong And Secure Password
Use SSL Certificate
Select Reputable Website Hosting Service Provider
Keep Up To Date Your Website
Back Up Your Site
Scan Your Website Regularly
Sign Out From Your Website
Install Web Application Firewall
Don’t Allow File Uploads On Your Site
Install Security Plugins
Never Open Suspicious Email
Change Admin Folders Name
Protect From Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attacks
Protect From Sql Injection Attacks
Keep Secure Web Server
Keep Secure Database Server
1. Use Strong and Secure Password
This is the first tips for how to secure any website. To secure website you should use unique and strong password for your website admin access, database, and web server. Never use an easy and simple password because this type of password can be compromised very easily.
So, create a strong password for any website security using letters, numbers, and special characters and should change the password on a regular basis.
The password should contain uppercase letters (A – Z), lowercase letters (a – z), numbers (0 – 9)
Special character (@, #, $, %, ^, (,), &, *!) and
The password length should be at least 10 characters long.
Example: R#6^9gL@9%Dis a strong password and standard password for your website
2. Use SSL Certificate
SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer is a global standard security protocol which ensures that your website is secure. SSL creates a secure connection between a website and web browser.
It ensuring that all information passed between a web server and browser remains encrypted and secure.
So, you should immediately purchase a SSL certificate for your website from a reputable service provider. Here, are the top and most reliable SSL certificate provides are as follows:
To protect your website from intruders, make sure your website, plugins, operating system, security, and scripts are up to date. If your website’s software, security, web service and scripts are not updated then a hacker may take advantage of your website.
You should also keep your SSL certificate is up to date.
If you are using content management system such as WordPress, then ensure that your WordPress are the most updated version. Whenever an update version of WordPress is available, install it immediately.
5. Back Up Your Site
This is very important for your site to take back up regularly. It ensures that you can restore your website quickly whenever your site becomes inaccessible or your data has lost or has been hacked or malware infected.
Your web hosting service provider will take backups of your website of their own servers. But it is better if you take backup your website files regularly to a secondary storage or any others external device.
6. Scan Your Website Regularly
To secure any website from malware attacks, you should scan your website and server regularly for potential vulnerabilities and malware.
There are many scanning tools on the internet that you can use to detect vulnerabilities on your website and protect from different type’s malware.
The security tools used for website or application are as follows:
Scan My Server
Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP)
7. Sign Out From Your Website
Sign out of a website or any other application is very important because it helps to prevent other users from accessing the website without verifying their credentials.
When you have finished your website work, you should always sign out even if you are using your own computer.
Your website must have a session management script which will automatically sign out after a certain amount of times of no activity.
8. Install Web Application Firewall
A web application firewallor WAF is an application based cyber security tool which is designed to protect websites and applications by filtering, monitoring and blocking HTTP malicious traffic (e.g. Malware attack).
How to secure any website? To secure a website you should use a web application firewall, which will protect your websites, apps, and the data.
Here is the list of some commercially used Web Application Firewalls is:
If you allowing people to upload their files to your website, then website automatically creates security vulnerability. The attacker may upload malicious script to your website server which will harm your website.
In that case, there has a chance to infect your website with malware attacks.
You can provide your email address to your website “contact” page, so that user can send their files via email rather than uploading to your website.
If your website is based on content management system such as wordpress, then you can improve your website with security plugins. In wordpress, there are number of security plugins which provide additional security from website hacking.
Here is the list of some security plugins for WordPress website are:
All In One WP Security & Firewall
11. Never Open Suspicious Email
If you receive an email from unknown source which seems suspicious e-mail, then don’t open that email. A suspicious e-mail that may contains a virus or malware script which can compromise your website security.
So, to secure your website you will never open that type of email and don’t download the email attachment.
12. Change Admin Folders Name
The sensitive folder name of website is “admin” or “root“, which is very convenient to use. If you don’t change the folder name then hacker can able to access your website files.
So, change the folder name of your website such as “New Folder (5)” or “account” which is very difficult to access for attackers.
13. Protect From Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attacks
Cross-site scripting is a web security vulnerability and client-side code injection attack which executes malicious scripts in a web browser.
If you want to secure your website then you have to protect from Cross-site scripting attacks.
Here are the some tips on how to protect from Cross-site scripting attacks
Sanitize your input data
Escaping user input data
Validating Input data
14. Protect From SQL Injection Attacks
SQL injection is the most common website hacking techniques used by hacker to control a website database to steal or damage the data such as passwords, credit card details, or personal user information.
In this technique, the attacker places the malicious script in SQL query, via web page input. It is occurs when a website or application fails to properly sanitize the SQL statements, so attacker can insert their own malicious SQL statements to access the database.
Now, how to secure any website and in order to protect from SQL injection attacks, you can apply the following prevention methods:
Use of Prepared Statements
Use a Web Application Firewall
Updating your system
Validating user input
Use Stored Procedures
14.1 Use of Prepared Statements
Prepared Statements is one of the best ways to prevent SQL injection attack which ensure that an attacker is not able to change the query, even if SQL commands are inserted by a hacker.
For example, if you’re using MySQLi in PHP then the code will be:
$username = $_POST[“username”];
$password = $_POST[“password”];
$query = “SELECT * FROM user WHERE user.username = ? AND user.password = ?”;
$stmt = $mysqli->prepare ($query)
$result = $stmt->get_results();
14.2 Use a Web Application Firewall
In order to protect from SQL injection attack you can use a web application firewall or WAF which can detect and prevent SQL injections.
It has designed to protect websites and applications by filtering, monitoring and blocking HTTP malicious traffic (e.g. Malware attack).
14.3 Updating your system
If a website or applications has vulnerabilities then a hacker can exploit the system using SQL injection. So, to protect from SQL injection attack you have to apply patches and updates your system with latest version.
15. Keep Secure Web Server
A Web Server is another important component of web infrastructure which is responsible for hosting a Web site and its related files and services. A Web server administrator should perform the following tasks to keep secure any website.
Keep up to date the Operating System
Enable the security feature of Web Server
Remove unnecessary services
Disable remote access
Install and monitor web application firewall
Install SSL certificate
Ensure dedicated servers for website
Keep separate user logins
16. Keep Secure Database Server
To secure a website or application you have must have secured your database server otherwise you can’t secure your website. A person such as database administrator should perform the following tasks to keep secure any website.
Ensure the dedicated database server
Ensure data encryption
Secure login credentials
Ensure secure data access
Store and monitor database logs files
Finally, we have tried to explain the best tips on how to secure any website from unauthorized access. Every organization should follow the above tips to secure a website and application.